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Saudi Arabia’s Progressive Agricultural Advancements for Sustainable Farming

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Saudi Arabia’s Progressive Agricultural Advancements for Sustainable Farming

Forumul Economic Regional Moldova 2024 – Vatra Dornei, 4–6 iulie

The looming specter of climate change casts a daunting shadow over global agriculture, threatening food security, livelihoods, and water access

In response, Saudi Arabia has embraced a suite of innovative and sustainable farming methodologies, charting a path towards a more resilient agricultural sector.

As temperatures soar worldwide, traditional crop yields plummet while water scarcity escalates, exacerbating concerns over food insecurity and market instability. Agriculture, a major contributor to greenhouse gas emissions, is under scrutiny for its environmental footprint, prompting governments and businesses globally to pivot towards sustainable practices.

The United Nations’ Food and Agriculture Organization highlights the pivotal role of sustainable agriculture in both adapting to climate change and mitigating its impacts. Sustainable agricultural practices aim to safeguard the environment, conserve natural resources, fortify food supply chains, and ensure equitable returns for farmers.

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Saudi Arabia has spearheaded numerous sustainable agriculture initiatives, including initiatives promoting treated water for irrigation and soilless farming techniques. These strategies are tailored to address the evolving needs of a shifting demographic landscape.

With the urban population projected to swell dramatically by 2045, Saudi Arabia is embracing urban farming technologies such as vertical farming and soilless cultivation. Vertical farming, a method devoid of soil wherein plants receive nutrients through water, offers promising solutions to water conservation and year-round crop production.

Notably, Saudi Arabia’s National Research and Development Center for Sustainable Agriculture (Estidamah) has embarked on a vertical farming program focusing on high-value crops like leafy vegetables and strawberries. This initiative, supported by substantial government funding, has showcased significant yield improvements compared to traditional farming methods.

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Further underscoring Saudi Arabia’s commitment to sustainable agriculture is the groundbreaking Wadi Bin Hashbal mega farm in the Asir region. Recognized by the Guinness World Records as the largest sustainable research farm globally, it pioneers the use of treated wastewater for irrigation.

Wadi Bin Hashbal’s innovative water treatment process involves multiple phases to ensure water quality, making it suitable for irrigation across various crops. The farm’s meticulous monitoring systems track soil and water quality, climate conditions, and crop health, contributing to optimized agricultural practices.

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Strategically located in the Asir region, Wadi Bin Hashbal capitalizes on its unique geography, fertile soil, and favorable climate, boasting abundant rainfall and ample water resources. This successful integration of sustainable agriculture in one of the world’s harshest environments underscores its potential as a blueprint for climate-vulnerable nations worldwide.

Saudi Arabia’s strides in sustainable agriculture offer a beacon of hope amidst global climate challenges. By demonstrating the viability of eco-friendly farming practices in arid regions, Saudi Arabia sets a precedent for agricultural resilience in a rapidly changing world.

OM... Cu aripi fragile de fluture

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